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Choosing a programming language is a crucial element. You must know that each one has its own characteristics, which will adapt, or not, to your project. You must therefore start by asking yourself a few questions in order to choose the language that best suits your needs. Alexis Kuperfis, programming expert, offers you an overview of the main programming languages available today.

#1 Python

This programming language is based on open source technology that can be used for web development, video games and other software, but also for graphical user interfaces. It is generally the easiest language to learn. Note that it has a wide range of features and tools. It has been used for Instagram, YouTube or Spotify, and Python is one of the official programming languages of Google.

On the downside, we can regret a certain slowness on the compiled scripts, as well as the fact that errors appear only at the time of the startup

#2 Java

Java is the best known and most widely used programming language, both on PCs and smartphones, software, consoles… With many evolutions, it is not among the easiest to learn, and developers who master it are particularly popular. On the other hand, it consumes much more memory than some other languages, and is somewhat slow during simulations.

#3 C

This is one of the oldest programming languages, which served as the basis for the vast majority of the following languages. It is particularly used for software development, hardware and operating systems. Among its qualities are structured programming, lexicon variations and recursions, as well as a static type system, which limits accidental operations.

#4 C++

C++ was designed to overcome some of the shortcomings of the C language, especially in terms of object-oriented programming. It is very popular for the creation of large-scale applications, but it is also used for software development, operating systems, video games and search engines. Beware, however, that it is relatively complex to learn.

#5 JavaScript

JavaScript is mostly used as a client-side scripting language, especially in front-end sites, widgets, analytics tools and web interactions. It is fairly easy to learn, and has the advantage that it can be used with other languages.

#6 Ruby

Ruby is an object-oriented programming language, among the easiest to learn. It is mainly used for graphical user interfaces, web applications and web development. It is however quite slow compared to other languages.

#7 PHP

PHP is a server-side scripting language, which is mainly used for web development, but also as a general purpose programming language. It can be used with databases, file systems, images, etc. On the other hand, it is unfortunate that its error handling is not efficient.

#8 Objective-C

Objective-C is a general-purpose object-oriented dynamic programming language used by Apple for its operating systems. It also gives access to Apple’s development libraries. It cannot be used on other platforms, and it is particularly difficult to learn.