At first sight, the development of applications for iOS and Android may seem similar, but when it goes into details, we gradually notice the particularities of each operating system. In this article, we will come back, with Alexis Kuperfis, on the different techniques between these two systems.
What are the technical differences between Android and iOS?
Let’s take a look with Alexis Kuperfis at particularities observed by developers, when creating the mobile applications for both iOS and Android:
– Programming language: each of the two systems is programmed in different programming languages. Android applications are developed on Java while iOS applications run on Objective-C / Swift, which makes a great difference.
– Application testing: this ensures that the application under development is working perfectly. This operation is necessary. As a result, developers often use the Android emulator or the iOS emulator to perform these tests. Therefore, it is important for the developer to perform numerous application tests in order to observe interactivity and identify gaps. The first distinction is the relatively lower speed of the Android emulator compared to its iOS counterpart. However, when a CPU is combined with the Android emulator, it turns into a highly efficient virtual machine that is much more realistic than the iOS. Because iOS simulators generally do not transmit accurate and exact representations of Apple devices.
– Visual differences: when developing an application for an iOS or Android user, the developer builds XIB files on the iOS interfaces, which are almost identical to Android XML files. As for animations, it must be said that iOS is much more advanced than Android, because it emphasizes the flexibility, power and especially the complexity of animations.
– The “Return” button: the “Return” button does not exist at iOS but is found at Android. From an aesthetic point of view, this does not change much, but from a technical point of view, we are talking about a detail that has a major impact on the development of applications. Because it is always necessary to find original solutions to indicate the flashback on the screens of iOS applications.
Beyond the technical differences, the development of iOS applications can be slightly more expensive than at Android, especially since the expected performance on an iOS device is very high compared to an Android product.
So should you develop your application under Android or iOS?
Although application development follows the same pattern, the particularities of each system still have a significant impact on the method by which developers develop their projects.
So no matter which mobile operating system you choose, try to take your time to study the particularities of each system.